Social Studies Summary Revision Notes for Citizenship Chapter 1 and 2

Updated: Mar 8


SS Revision – Chapter 1 (What is Citizenship)


1. Legal Status


a. What: A legal document proofing that you belong to a certain country. Prove by passport, NRIC, driving license

b. How:

i. Born in Singapore

ii. One parent is Singaporeans

iii. Marry a Singaporean

iv. Naturalization via PR

c. Why:

i. Rights of Citizens

1. Stated in Constitution of Singapore

2. Healthcare, education, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, rights if minorities, equal opportunities

ii. Responsibilities of Citizens

1. Obey laws + no discrimination + contribute to country + defend the country


2. Identity


a. What: Shared beliefs to develop care and compassion for each other

b. Why: Leads to social harmony and builds a strong sense of belonging

c. How:

i. Common Experiences eg NS, Schooling

ii. Common Practices eg Pledge and National Anthem

iii. Common Spaces eg HDB


3. Participation


a. What: Directly contributing to and benefitting society

b. Why: Takes action to improves people’s lives

c. How:

i. Donating to charity

ii. Volunteering

iii. Joining or forming groups

d. Examples: Helping out voluntarily at old folks home regularly




SS Revision – Chapter 2 (What is good for society)


Challenges to Society


a. Differing Needs/Interests

i. What: Different segments of societies require different basic things (food, transport, utilities)

ii. Why: They have different needs

iii. How: Hear the people, convince them, communicate

iv. Examples: Car owners vs Public Transport Users


b. Differing Priorities

v. What: Different segments of societies require different wishes (healthcare, education, housing, childcare)

vi. Why: They have different aspirations/problems

vii. How: Pros and Cons

viii. Examples: Eldercare vs Childcare


c. Unequal Sharing of Cost

ix. What: Impacts are different on different groups of people

x. Why: Affect lives of different groups of people differently

xi. How: NIMBY – people wants changes but do not like impacts

xii. Examples: Building waste treatment plants – many people says its but do not want it built near them


Managing these Challenges


a. Understand Trade-Offs

i. What: Providing for majority of people, minimizing impacts on others

ii. Why: Satisfy as many people as possible

iii. How: Communicate to all groups, provide incentives, involve people in decision making

iv. Examples: Thomson Line (residents in Thomson must be convince)


b. Sharing of Power

v. What: Allowing their elected MPs to represent them

vi. Why: Give the people a voice

vii. How:

1. Parliament – electing your own MP

2. Government – Forming Government

3. Judiciary – Trust the System

viii. Examples: Covid-19 Policies executed by our government


Good Governance


a. Good Leaders

i. What: Honest, capable, integrity, courageous, incorruptible leaders

ii. Why: Build trust with the people, more confidence in government

iii. How: Selection and grooming from young age (Gift Education Programme, Government Scholarship, Serve in Government, Elected Officials, Leaders of Singapore)

iv. Examples: Central Provident Fund (CPF) – compulsory saving. People don’t it, but the government feels its important to force people to save for retirement.


b. Anticipating Change

v. What: Ability to predict future trends and implement right solutions

vi. Why: We have limited resources, put resources in the right place. Benefit citizens in the long run

vii. How: Consult the people, communicate, weigh pros and cons for country

viii. Examples: Decision to build IRs (future tourism trend)


c. Stake for All

ix. What: Creating a sense of belonging

x. Why: People are more willing to be involved in working for Singapore

xi. How: Get people involved in decision making + Home ownership

xii. Examples: SG50 Conversations (many Singaporean envisioned Singapore’s future)


d. Meritocracy

xiii. What: A system that enables success through hard work. Rewards hard work, abilities, talent.

xiv. Why: Create fair society, build trust, more willing to contribute

xv. How: By using education awards to recognize and reward deserving students in schools. At work, to use promotion and pay increase to recognize workers who do well

xvi. Examples: Edusave Awards, Scholarships, Promotions, Bursary Awards, Incentives


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